The North Korean Human Rights Act (NKHRA)
The situation is so dire that Japan and the United States have passed laws to formalize the promotion of human rights in North Korea, while the European Union has held hearings on the country’s history of abuses. South Korea, meanwhile, has not taken any legislative action, instead choosing to turn a blind eye to North Korea’s atrocities. South Korea has given extensive humanitarian aid globally, but has failed to fulfill its duty of doing everything within its power to protect the human rights of all Koreans, including North Koreans.
For the last 10 years, the North Korean Human Rights Act (NKHRA) has remained stalled in South Korea’s National Assembly. The bill has taken several forms over the years, but key components remain the same. If passed, the North Korean Human Rights Act will:
- Create an annual plan to improve the human rights situation in North Korea and provide humanitarian assistance to North Korean citizens.
- Call for the formation of an advisory committee on North Korean human rights to provide structure for North Korean human rights policies and set up a task force to address issues such as South Korean abductees, prisoners of war, and separated families.
- Urge the South Korean government to investigate North Korea’s human rights situation on the ground and report major findings to the National Assembly.
- Incorporate a human rights archive into the National Human Rights Commission to collect, record, and preserve cases of human rights violations in North Korea.
- Designate a North Korean Human Rights Ambassador to engage the international community in improving North Korea’s human rights situation.
- Secure the physical safety of North Korean defectors and protect their human rights.
- Increase the free flow of information to North Korean citizens by providing financial assistance to civic groups working on human rights issues in North Korea.
The NKHRA has the full support of the North Korean refugee community. If passed, the Act would be the first step toward defending human rights and promoting freedom in North Korea.
In September 2015, the Human Rights Foundation launched the Global Coalition for the North Korean Human Rights Act (NKHRA). This international coalition raises awareness of and advocates for the passage of the NKHRA. Please visit our page for further information on the Global Coalition to find out how you can help support the passage of the NKHRA.
Our Previous Work
HRF began its on-the-ground work in North Korea by partnering with defector and pro-democracy activist Park Sang Hak and his organization, Fighters for a Free North Korea (FFNK), to launch weather balloons carrying information over the border in 2013. In January 2014, HRF and FFNK completed a successful balloon launch that carried transistor radios, USBs loaded with the complete Korean language Wikipedia, DVDs, and 500,000 pro-democracy leaflets over the border. The launch was covered widely by international media, and HRF described its new initiative in The Atlantic.
On August 2-3, HRF hosted Hack North Korea, a gathering of Bay Area technologists, investors, engineers, designers, activists and North Korean defectors that aimed to spark new ideas for getting information into the world's most closed and isolated society. The participants built on this existing knowledge and brainstorm new and innovative ways of getting information past the North Korean regime’s information blockade. After hearing presentations, a panel of judges composed of experts and North Korean defectors selected a winning team. HRF plans to implement the winning idea into actual field operations.
HRF continues to look for more ways to support technologies and initiatives that are disrupting the North Korean regime's information monopoly.
The Disrupt North Korea project was co-founded by Silicon Valley angel investor Alexander Lloyd.